These visas are available to people who are married, in a de facto relationship or in a same sex relationship with an Australian partner. The application can be made in or outside Australia.
For parents of an Australian citizen, permanent resident or eligible New Zealand citizen, who are ‘settled’ at the time the application is lodged. They must also satisfy the balance of family test. They are usually sponsored by their child, but can also be sponsored by their child’s partner. If the child is under the age of 18, certain other people are able to sponsor the applicant.